Cator Print 168: Market Street, Baltimore, 1850 by Enoch Pratt Free Library on Flickr.
A view of “The Museum Print” on MDCH.org: collections.mdch.org/cdm/ref/collection/cator/id/70
Description, with paragraph breaks added:
“Colored lithograph by E. Sachse & Co., one of two prominent lithography companies in Baltimore during the mid-1800’s, that features a view of Market Street in Baltimore, and frequently called the Museum Print. One of eight known copies, it is considered one of the best executed, most interesting and rarest of American colored lithographs. The view represents Baltimore Street, looking west from Calvert.
A guide book of the period says, “The principal street is Baltimore Street, formerly called Market Street, which name is still retained by many persons. This is the chief location for dry-goods and fancy stores, and is the principal promenade. Baltimore has long been celebrated for the beauty of its ladies, and if the visitor should happen to traverse this thoroughfare on a fine afternoon… he will be able to decide for himself whether the City is entitled to the reputation she enjoys for female beauty.”
The Baltimore Museum and Gallery of Fine Arts was built in 1829 by John Clark, lottery broker, on the site of old frame buildings dating from Baltimore’s earliest days. Clark bought three lots for a total of $27,200. Soon after the building was erected the upper floors were rented by Rembrandt Peale, who had previously sold the original Peale Museum on Holliday Street to the City for a municipal building. Among his curiosities were stuffed birds, reptiles, animals, wax figures, and pictures. There was also a small theater where, after Peale’s occupancy of the building ended, stars such as Junius Brutus Booth, Joseph Jefferson, J. W. Wallack, and John E. Owens appeared.
At the time this picture was made the theater was conducted by Owens. Among the numerous successive owners of the building and theater was P. T. Barnum, the showman. The structure was demolished in 1874 to make way for the Baltimore and Ohio Building, which preceded the Emerson Hotel on this site. Colvin & Co., occupying the corner office, conducted lotteries, while Armstrong & Berry in the adjoining shop were purveyors of books and stationery.
Beyond, at No. 168, was the book store and publishing establishment of Fielding Lucas Jr., and at No. 170 the silverware and jewelry shop of Samuel Kirk & Son. The tall building at the left of edge of the picture is the new structure known as Carroll Hall, on the site of the present Mercantile Trust Building. Containing offices, lecture and exhibition rooms, this was a costly building for the time. The clothing store on the ground floor was that of A. Phillips & Co. who display on the pavement a couple of old leather trunks, while a man’s coat is hung high over the window.
Across Calvert Street is the watch and the jewelry shop of Robert Brown and Sons, above which William Woody conducted his printing shop. Among the dozen different types of conveyances are a carriage, omnibus, covered wagon, gig, dray, stage-coach and handcart. The omnibus marked “Pennsylvania Ave.” represents the earliest effort at organized street transportation. The first of these lines was established in 1844 and flourished until tracks were laid for horse cars in 1859.
Because of its unique interest and the beauty of its workmanship, especially its colors, this print has often been reproduced. This copy is a fine example of the original, and is mounted in Sachse’s distinctive fashion.”
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